Pipe welding is often performed by specially licensed workers

whose skills are retested periodically. For critical applications, every joint is tested with nondestructive methods. Because of the skills required, welded pipe joints are usually restricted to high-performance applications such as shipbuilding, and in chemical and nuclear reactors. Although they are usually used to attach pipe and fittings to mechanical supports in buildings, they do not connect the pipes to each other.

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Long elbows are used in low-pressure gravity-fed systems and other applications where low turbulence and minimum deposition of entrained solids are of concern. They are available in acrylonitrile butadiene styrene , polyvinyl chloride , chlorinated polyvinyl chloride , and copper, and are used in DWV systems, sewage, and central vacuum systems. This section discusses fittings primarily used in pressurized piping systems, though there is some overlap with fittings for low-pressure or non-pressurized systems. Specialized fittings for the latter setups are discussed in the next major subsection.

A tee, the most common pipe fitting, is used to combine or divide fluid flow.Tees can connect pipes of different diameters or change the direction of a pipe run, or both. Available in a variety of materials, sizes and finishes, they may also be used to transport two-fluid mixtures. Tees may be equal or unequal in size of their three connections, with equal tees the most common. In short radius elbow, centreline radius is the same as the nominal size of the pipe or you can say one times the diameter of the pipe.

We know that the likes of water pipe, fittings, water meters, hose etc. are not the most glamorous products in the world, but this doesn’t make a difference to us when it comes to customer service. Whether you’re looking for a simple adaptor or specifying a whole pipework system, you’ll get all of our expertise and professional courtesy. Before installation, make sure the valve is in the “open” position and all cemented surfaces are clean and dry.

Half Coupling is used for small bore branching from a vessel or large pipe. Returning elbows are used to make a 180º change in direction. Returns are used in the heating coil, heat exchanger, tank vent, etc. These Fittings are available in a different types of end connections. And when you need to test the pressure of your pipes, our selection of test plugs proves to be a reliable option. Basically, the laws implemented Jan. 1st, 2014 require plumbing products that come in contact with drinking water to be “essentially lead free” (less than 0.25% weighted average).

The use of miter bend is restricted to the low-pressure water line. Applications include rotary and pipe fittings, adapters and couplings, hydraulic pipes and high pressure flanges. Whether you’re simply stocking up on plumbing fittings and repair parts or have a specific project in mind, Ace offers many types of pipe fittings made of different materials. Find your plumbing fitting solutions at Ace, then shop for other essential plumbing repair parts for your home needs. Coupling are also useful if the pipe is broken or leakage occurs.

In a long radius elbow, the centreline radius is 1.5 times the nominal size of the pipe or you can say 1.5 times the diameter of the pipe. Normally long radius elbows are used in piping as pressure loss is less as compared to short radius elbow. Elbows are available in two radius types, Short radius and Long Radius (1.5D).

It must be installed in an easily accessible place for adjustment, replacement, and repair. A trap primer, a specialized valve, is usually connected to a clean-water supply in addition to a DWV system. Because of the dual connection, it must be designed to resist the accidental backflow of contaminated water. Underground piping systems for landscaping drainage or the disposal of stormwater or groundwater also use low-pressure gravity flow, so fittings for these systems resemble larger-scale DWV fittings.

Push-to-pull fittings are a type of easily removed compression fitting that allows pipes to be connected with minimal use of tools. These fittings are similar to regular compression fittings, but use an O-ring for sealing and a grip ring to hold the pipe. The main advantage is that it can easily be removed and re-used, it is easy to assemble, and the joints are still rotatable even after assembly. The pipe end should be square so it sits against the stop in the fittings and does not create turbulence, and needs to be a clean cut to avoid damaging the O-ring during insertion.

Pipe Fittings are Piping component that helps in Changes the direction of the flow such as elbows, tees. Changes the size of the pipe such as reducers, reducing tees. Connect different components such as couplings and stop the flows such as Caps.

Fittings require money, time, materials, and tools to install, and are an important part of piping and plumbing systems. Valves are technically fittings, but are usually discussed separately. Choosing the material of your pipe fitting comes down to what will be running through the pipe. From fittings perfect for cold water supplies to reliable options for gases and chemicals wastes, we carry a variety of fitting options to help you get the job done.

Take a look at our comprehensive ranges for effective plumbing and Gas Safe installation below. The information on those websites is not provided by Steel & Tube. Tighten the union nut until the point at which it becomes noticeably more di cult to turn the union nut. At this point, for example, minor damage on the thread caused by the union nut getting caught must be overcome.

It should be noted that this safety factor is contingent on error-free assembly and correct routing of the pipeline system. Information about ttings often includes the nominal pressure, designated PN. The nominal pressure, PN, is merely an index that serves as an identi er or designator for a part or system. When the assembly instructions are followed, repeat ttings can be carried out safely and reliably.